A CHINESE EXPORT PORCELAIN ARMORIAL 'VAN REVERHORST' PLATE

 

Qianlong period, circa 1745

 

Decorated in blue, green, black, iron-red and gilt, with the coat-of-arms of Van Reverhorst, with coronet and crest, surrounded by smaller arms of the families Van Reverhorst, De Winter, Vereyck and De Bruijn to the left, and Schrevelius, Van Peenen, Van Groenendijk and Vroede to the right, within a gilt and iron-red shell-scroll border.

Diam. 23 cm

Note:
This plate is part of a large dinner and tea service representing the ancestral coat-of-arms of the commissioners of this service, Theodorus and  Adriaan van Reverhorst. Family trees are known on armorial charts, hatchments and portraits, but on Chinese export porcelain this is the first of only four services known, all made for the Dutch market. Of these, the Van Reverhorst service is the largest and most beautiful. In Holland, it was considered a matter of particular pride to be able to claim eight armigerous great-grandparents. The paternal ancestral families of Theodorus and Adriaan came from The Hague (Van Reverhorst, De Winter, Vereijk and De Bruijn), whereas the maternal ancestors, comparatively higher ranking families (Schrevelius, Van Peenen and Van Groenendijk), came from Leiden and (De Vroede) from Amsterdam.

 

It is likely that Adriaan (The Hague 1720 - Batavia 1751), being a supercargo in Canton from 1743 till 1748, carried out the order fore the service, placed by his brother Theodorus (The Hague 1706 - 1758), a member of the Court of Justice in Batavia. Theodorus arrived in Batavia in 1735 where he was installed as a member of the Court of Justice, holding this post until 1752. In 1748 he married Agneta Maria Crielaart (1727-1752), and they lived in a house at the Tijgersgracht, the most fashionable street of Batavia. They had no children and after the death of his wife in 1752, Theodorus returned to The Hague.

Adriaan accompanied his brother in 1735 to Batavia. As a 15-year-old boy he held the rank of ship's boy, earning HFL. 5 a month. In 1741 he was appointed junior merchant and in 1743 he was sent to Canton as third supercargo, becoming second supercargo in 1745, earning HFL. 60 a month. Clearly Adriaan had ample opportunity to order armorial porcelain, but it is likely his brother Theodorus was involved, because he had a principal position in Batavia as member of the Court of Justice, earning at least HFL. 200 a month. Adriaan never married and died aged 31 in his brother's house at the Tijgersgracht in 1751. In 1752 Theodorus returned to Holland with this and two other services with the Van Reverhorst coat-of-arms. After his death in 1758 his brothers Cornelis and Hermanus van Reverhorst and their descendants inherited the services.
 

(See: Dr. Jochem Kroes, Chinese Armorial Porcelain for the Dutch Market, Den Haag/Zwolle, 2007)

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